The UCL Centre for Global Health Economics

Carlos Grijalva Eternod

Carlos Grijalva-Eternod is a researcher at the UCL Institute for Global Health, following his training as a clinical dietician in Mexico and further specialisation in public health and child development in the UK.  His work focuses on understanding the developmental origins of undernutrition and chronic diseases, the assessing of nutritional and well-being status among infants, children and adults living invulnerable settings, and the impact evaluation of nutrition-sensitive interventions, such as cash transfers, that are aimed at improving such status. Carlos has worked in Latin America, Africa, Central Asia and Europe with vulnerable communities that experience poverty, environmental challenges such as droughts, or have been forcefully displaced such as refugees. He lives in London.

For publications click here


REFANI: Carlos is part of the Consortium for Research on Food Assistance for Nutritional Impact (REFANI), an international, 3-year, £3.2 million research project funded by the Department for International Development (DFID). The REFANI project is examining the nutritional impact and cost-effectiveness of cash and/or voucher-based food assistance interventions. The aim is to create new evidence to inform decisions on the prevention of acute undernutrition in emergencies.

BIVA: Carlos is part of the team, funded by Global Grand Challenges scheme of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation that is using bioelectric impedance vector analysis (BIVA) to measure nutritional status in children with pneumonia in Malawi in order to improve treatment. Malnutrition is associated with poor prognosis in pneumonia but is difficult to assess accurately. BIVA measures the body’s bioelectric properties to predict physiological parameters such as hydration and body mass of specific body regions. The study will develop a protocol and evaluate BIVA for assessing nutritional status in children with pneumonia compared to current assessment methods.

Double Burden of Malnutrition in Forcibly Displaced Populations: Carlos is part of the UCL Nutrition in Crisis Research Team, in collaboration with UNHCR that provides technical assistance for the assessment of nutritional needs. Our work indicates a problem of obesity in these vulnerable communities along with the persistence of under-nutrition.